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雅思考试 比较高考与雅思 词汇语法早准备
2012-10-22     美国留学网(www.usaliuxue.com)  发布者:博文留学

    近年来,越来越多的学生喜欢高考,出国两条腿走路,高考出国两不误:一边准备雅思,一边准备高考。其实这是种非常不错的选择,那么,高考和雅思考试有什么不同呢?其余科目且不论,单说英语,复习的过程中,就有很多互补之处。闲话少叙,直接上真题:

 

  2010年山东高考英语24题

 

  That’s the new machine _______ parts are too small to be seen .

  A that

  B which

  C whose

  D what

 

  解析:很明显这是一题专考定语从句引导词的定向语法题,答案为C项,不难。而在雅思考试中,这一语法有了进一步的升华。请看雅思考试真题:

 

  剑三 reading

 

  test 1 passage 1

  It was not until the eighteenth century that Europe became seriously interested in the possibilities of using the rocket itself as a weapon of war and not just to propel other weapons. Prior to this, rockets were used only in pyrotechnic displays. The incentive for the more aggressive use of rockets came not from within the European continent but from far-away India, whose leaders had built up a corps of rocketeers and used rockets successfully against the British in the late eighteenth century.

 

  句型分析:whose 引导一个非限制性定语从句,先行词India ,句意为”印度的领导人用火箭成功地抵抗英国”,再加上前面as a weapon of war,可知rockets as war weapons对应的是Indians,因此剑三17页9题选择B。

 

  非限制性定语从句,以其独特的断句方式在浩瀚的英语考题中一直屹立不倒。其实在传统的新概念三册中就有提及whose引导的非限,并要求教师在课堂中适当延伸。

 

  如新三Lesson 7 《Mutilated ladies》有一段非常经典的介绍:

 

  A recent case concerns Jane Butlin whose fiancé, John, runs a successful furniture business.

  这一句,不仅涉及了whose引导的定语从句,而且还提供了一个很好的写作素材.

  A recent case concerns _______ whose ________, ______________

 

  举例说明:2010年6月5日雅思A类大作文

 

  Students from rural areas often find it difficult to access to university education, so people think universities should make it specially easy for them to study at. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

 

  标题给出的表述,写作中一定要进行转述。比如A recent case concerns some students whose life are frequently in the rural areas ,may regard it hard to accept the higher education.

 

  英语的知识总是相通的,大家可以看到这个有趣的现象:高考VS雅思,似乎两个国内外最有代表性的考试当中,交集是如此的紧密。而中间牵线的,有单纯的语法课,更有“新概念”这套经典教材做依托。

 

  语法如是,词汇诚如是!

 

  2010年山东高考英语35题

 

  Mothers holding jobs outside the home should have ______ schedules to make it easier to care for their children .

  A heavy

  B smooth

  C flexible

  D complex

 

  这是一道明显的单词判断句意题,答案为C。而同时的schedule , smooth , flexible, complex这几个词是雅思阅读考试的宠儿。

 

  剑六 test 1 passage 2

 

  This is even more true of the fast-growing information industries. Films and compact discs cost little to transport, even by aeroplane. Computer software can be 'exported' without ever loading it onto a ship, simply by transmitting it over telephone lines from one country to another, so freight rates and cargo-handling schedules become insignificant factors in deciding where to make the product.

 

  剑五 test 2 passage 1

  Sharp corners proved impractical and were thus avoided, giving rise to the smooth, streamlined' style popular in the 1930s.

 

  剑四 test 3 passage 1

  Many children may choose entrepreneurship because it allows them a degree of independence, is less exploitative than many forms of paid employment, and is flexible enough to allow them to participate in other activities such as education and domestic tasks.

 

  剑四 test passage 1

  Pupils did not volunteer ideas that suggested that they appreciated the complexity of causes of rainforest destruction.

 

  雅思长难句,很大程度上依托于单词,而当一篇阅读文章出现,大半单词陌生的时候,相信每位考生内心都是拔凉的。每次说到背词汇,学生都不知道从何下手,其实,今天不论是在说语法还是单词,高中的知识点奠定了雅思重要的基础。

 

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